Sunday 16th June 2024 | Ahad 9th Dhul-Hijjah 1445 [?]
Crescent Moon Visibility of Muharram 1445 AH

The crescent visibility map below for Muharram 1445 (RHS) shows that the moon will be born on 17 July 2023 at 18:32 GMT/UT, but it will not be visible by the naked-eye anywhere in the UK to Morocco region on that date. However, on 18 July 2023, the moon may be visible in Morocco but not in the UK. Hence, the month of Muharram is most likely to start on 19 July in Morocco and on 20 July 2023 in the UK, InShaAllah.

Visibility Map for Muharram 1445 AH (c)

Visibility Map for Muharram 1445 AH (b)

Visibility Map for Muharram 1445 AH (a)

When to Observe the Crescent Moon of Muharram 1445 AH

Please look for the Hilal of Muharram 1445 AH on 18 & 19 July 2023 (29th Dhul Hijjah and the next day) after sunset from the western horizon and report your results (positive or negative) via our website Observation Report Form. [Photo Competition]

Results of Crescent Moon Observations for Muharram 1445 AH

ICOUK Moon Report

18 Jul 2023
United Kingdom

Blackburn

Not seen after sunset: On 18 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Mr Mohammad Quraishi from Blackburn City in the Lancashire County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Totally Cloudy, the crescent was not seen by Naked-eye.

Mr Mohammad Quraishi commented: "The crescent was NOT seen as it was completely cloudy".


Not seen after sunset: On 18 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Maulana Hidayatullah Patel from Blackburn City in the Lancashire County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Totally Cloudy, the crescent was not seen by Naked-eye.

Maulana Hidayatullah Patel commented: "Totally cloudy".


Bolton

Not seen after sunset: On 18 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Mr Sameer Ali from Bolton City in the Lancashire County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Totally Cloudy, the crescent was not seen by Naked-eye.

Mr Sameer Ali commented: "Total cloud cover with no breaks".


Brentwood

Not seen after sunset: On 18 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Mr Hendrik Stahlberg from Brentwood City in the Essex County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Totally Cloudy, the crescent was not seen by Binoculars.

Mr Hendrik Stahlberg commented: "The sky was cloudy in Brentwood, the moon has not been seen.".


Bristol

Not seen after sunset: On 18 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Mr Tahir Mahmood from Bristol City in the Bristol County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Totally Cloudy, the crescent was not seen by Naked-eye.

Mr Tahir Mahmood commented: "The sky was completely cloudy before sunset, hoping it would clear after sunset or a gap would occur. However, the sky remained cloudy and no Hilal was observed".


Croydon (Riddlesdown)

Not seen after sunset: On 18 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Shaykh Sulayman Gani from Croydon (Riddlesdown) City in the Greater London County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Partly Cloudy, the crescent was not seen by Naked-eye or Binoculars.

Shaykh Sulayman Gani commented: "The two of us attempted to sight the crescent [moon of Muharram 1445]. We arrived at our location in Riddelsdown (Purley) 45 minutes before sunset, but it was too cloudy ".


Dewsbury (Moorend)

Not seen after sunset: On 18 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Maulana Abdullah Ahmed from Dewsbury (Moorend) City in the West Yorkshire County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Totally Cloudy, the crescent was not seen by Naked-eye.


Edinburgh

Not seen after sunset: On 18 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Mr Zahid Ali from Edinburgh City in the Scotland County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Partly Cloudy, the crescent was not seen by Naked-eye.

Mr Zahid Ali commented: "Crescent not seen".


Glasgow

Not seen after sunset: On 18 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Dr Shoaib Iqbal from Glasgow City in the Scotland County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Totally Cloudy, the crescent was not seen by Naked-eye.


Mynydd Mawr (Snowdonia)

Not seen after sunset: On 18 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Mr Juned Patel from Mynydd Mawr (Snowdonia) City in the North Wales County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Totally Cloudy, the crescent was not seen by Naked-eye.


Nuneaton

Not seen after sunset: On 18 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Mr Ali Khan from Nuneaton City in the Warwickshire County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Totally Cloudy, the crescent was not seen by Naked-eye.


Not seen after sunset: On 18 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Mr Yasin Akil from Nuneaton City in the Warwickshire County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Totally Cloudy, the crescent was not seen by Naked-eye.


Portsmouth

Not seen after sunset: On 18 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Mr Mizanul Amin Babar from Portsmouth City in the Hampshire County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Totally Cloudy, the crescent was not seen by Naked-eye.


Richmond upon Thames

Not seen after sunset: On 18 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Mr Abdul Karim from Richmond upon Thames City in the London County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Totally Cloudy, the crescent was not seen by Naked-eye or Binoculars.

Mr Abdul Karim commented: "We waited for 30mins, it rained off and on and there was persistent cloud cover in the direction of the moon. We switched location to Richmond Hill, as it was more weather shielded, and car accessible with a similar altitude. Negative sighting, unfortunately".


Saltburn by the Sea

Not seen after sunset: On 18 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Ms Julie Breen from Saltburn by the Sea City in the Cleveland County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Partly Cloudy, the crescent was not seen by Naked-eye.

Ms Julie Breen commented: "Observation date isn't right but I don't seem to be able to change it. Very few breaks in the cloud cover. ".


Saltburn-by-the-Sea

Not seen after sunset: On 18 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Ms Shemanara Haq from Saltburn-by-the-Sea City in the Cleveland County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Totally Cloudy, the crescent was not seen by Naked-eye or Binoculars.

Ms Shemanara Haq commented: "Negative sighting from Saltburn-by-the-Sea with Sr Julie and my 8-year-old son. Observation took place from sunset 21:28 until moonset 22:32 BST. The Sky was almost completely blanketed in clouds. Photos were taken at sunset and half an hour later".


Whitehaven

Not seen after sunset: On 18 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Mr Faruq Bilbe from Whitehaven City in the Cumbria County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Partly Cloudy, the crescent was not seen by Naked-eye or Binoculars.

Mr Faruq Bilbe commented: "Unfortunately I was a little late arriving on station, and at that time there was a break in the cloud where the moon would have been if I was on time! No doubt the break wasn’t there when the moon was, but I can’t help being a little annoyed at myself. ".


Worton

Not seen after sunset: On 18 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Mr Mujahid Chowdhury from Worton City in the Wiltshire County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Partly Cloudy, the crescent was not seen by Naked-eye.


York (Murton)

Not seen after sunset: On 18 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Eng Qamar Uddin from York (Murton) City in the North Yorkshire County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Totally Cloudy, the crescent was not seen by Naked-eye.

Eng Qamar Uddin commented: "It was totally cloudy in York after raining most of the day so the 25 hrs old moon was not seen. Most other places in the UK also reported negative sightings".


19 Jul 2023
United Kingdom

Ashton-under-Lyne

Seen after sunset: On 19 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Maulana Ebrahim Diwan from Ashton-under-Lyne City in the Greater Manchester County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Clear, the crescent was Seen by Naked-eye.


Banbury (Horley)

Seen after sunset: On 19 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Maulana Yusuf Mota from Banbury (Horley) City in the Oxfordshire County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Clear, the crescent was Seen by Naked-eye.

Maulana Yusuf Mota commented: "Sighted after sunset whilst [travelling] away from the usual location in Leeds".


Brentwood

Seen after sunset: On 19 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Mr Hendrik Stahlberg from Brentwood City in the Essex County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Partly Cloudy, the crescent was Seen by Naked-eye and Binoculars.

Mr Hendrik Stahlberg commented: "The new crescent moon was clearly visible to the naked eye".


Bristol

Seen after sunset: On 19 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Mr Tahir Mahmood from Bristol City in the Bristol County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Partly Cloudy, the crescent was Seen by Naked-eye.

Mr Tahir Mahmood commented: "After Magrib prayers in the Masjid, a few brothers joined me Looking for the Hilal. Alhamdulillah it was seen by Haji Mahmood Ahmed, Sajid Mahmood, M.Yaseen, Fiaz Ahmed and myself".


Chorley

Seen after sunset: On 19 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Mr Juned Patel from Chorley City in the Greater Manchester County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Partly Cloudy, the crescent was Seen by Naked-eye and Binoculars.

Mr Juned Patel commented: "First seen with binoculars at 14:20, but with the naked eye at 21:20 [and continued to see it after sunset]. The sunset was at 21:26 BST [Submitted on 20/7/2023 - Admin]".


Dewsbury (Moorend)

Seen after sunset: On 19 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Maulana Abdullah Ahmed from Dewsbury (Moorend) City in the West Yorkshire County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Partly Cloudy, the crescent was Seen by Naked-eye.

Maulana Abdullah Ahmed commented: "Alhamdulillah sighted the crescent moon by naked eye from Scarr End Lane Dewsbury.".


Farnborough

Seen after sunset: On 19 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Maulana Iftkhar Khan from Farnborough City in the Hampshire County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Partly Cloudy, the crescent was Seen by Naked-eye.

Maulana Iftkhar Khan commented: "I was able to see the new moon crescent clearly soon after sunset".


Foxley

Not seen after sunset: On 19 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Ms Sadia Tanvir-Navaab from Foxley City in the Norfolk County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Partly Cloudy, the crescent was not seen by Naked-eye or Binoculars.


Hounslow

Seen after sunset: On 19 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Mr Syed Rashid Qadri from Hounslow City in the Middlesex County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Partly Cloudy, the crescent was Seen by Naked-eye.

Mr Syed Rashid Qadri commented: "The horizon was mainly cloudy though managed to observe the crescent in between the gap in clouds".


Ilfracombe

Seen after sunset: On 19 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Mr Muhammad Hanif Debar from Ilfracombe City in the North Devon County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Partly Cloudy, the crescent was Seen by Naked-eye.

Mr Muhammad Hanif Debar commented: "As a family of 5 (2x adults and 3x children aged 11, 9 and 7) [on travel], by the grace of the Almighty, we witnessed the crescent of Muharram 1445. The sky was partly cloudy with sufficient clearance. We had just missed the setting of the sun but could still clearly see where the sun had set. We were looking to the left of the sun for a few minutes and then alhamdulillah we spotted the new moon. We stood and observed as the sky gradually darkened and waited until the moon had become covered by a large cloud moving in from the right. Please see the photos attached. [Submitted on 21/7/2023 - Admin]".


Middlesbrough

Not seen after sunset: On 19 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Ms Shemanara Haq from Middlesbrough City in the Cleveland County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Totally Cloudy, the crescent was not seen by Naked-eye.

Ms Shemanara Haq commented: "Negative sighting from Middlesbrough. Complete cloud cover in the evening. Sunset 21:27 and moonset 22:48. Photo taken at 21:49 BST. [Submitted on 20/7/2023 - Admin".


Portsmouth

Seen after sunset: On 19 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Mr Mizanul Amin Babar from Portsmouth City in the Hampshire County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Clear, the crescent was Seen by Naked-eye.


Richmond upon Thames

Not seen after sunset: On 19 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Mr Abdul Karim from Richmond upon Thames City in the London County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Partly Cloudy, the crescent was not seen by Naked-eye or Binoculars.

Mr Abdul Karim commented: "We had cloud cover right where the moon should be, unfortunately, the breaks were not in the right place to sight the hilal tonight".


Whitehaven

Seen after sunset: On 19 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Mr Faruq Bilbe from Whitehaven City in the Cumbria County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Partly Cloudy, the crescent was Seen by Naked-eye and Binoculars.

Mr Faruq Bilbe commented: "There was a large clear patch of sky as the sun set, but it was too far north to see the moon. After a long wait, I did see the Hilal through the thin gaps in the cloud (located and confirmed by binoculars) but couldn’t get a good photo due to lack of contrast and camera shake. Alhumdulillah patience was rewarded and I managed to get a reasonable shot when the moon eventually dropped below the cloud (c. 1 degree)".


Worton

Seen after sunset: On 19 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Mr Mujahid Chowdhury from Worton City in the Wiltshire County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Clear, the crescent was Seen by Naked-eye.


York (Murton)

Seen after sunset: On 19 Jul 2023, ICOUK member Eng Qamar Uddin from York (Murton) City in the North Yorkshire County (United Kingdom) mentioned that the sky was Partly Cloudy, the crescent was Seen by Naked-eye and Binoculars.

Eng Qamar Uddin commented: "The 1st day's Muharram 1445 Hilal sighted from York (in-between a cloud break) and throughout the UK, Alhamdulillah. Good news for working people to keep Ashura fast during the weekend (29-30 July 2023), MashaAllah".


Announcement for start of Muharram 1445 AH

On Tuesday, 18th July 2023 (29th Dhul Hijjah 1444 AH) the Hilal of Muharram 1445 was not sighted in the UK (Local). Therefore, the month of Dhul Hijjah 1444 AH will complete 30-days and the month of Muharram 1445 AH will start from Thursday, 20th July 2023, making Ashura (10 Muharram) fall on Saturday, 29th July 2023, InShaAllah.

Signed by (Ulama Panel): Maulana Abdullah Ahmed, Shaykh Suliman Gani, Imam Sabri Alabri. Witnessed by Eng. Qamar Uddin, ICOUK (18/07/2023 22:45 BST).

Morocco (Regional): the month of Muharram 1445 AH will start from Wednesday, 19th July 2023, making their Ashura (10 Muharram) fall on Friday, 28th July 2023, InShaAllah. See the report from Morocco Awqaf Ministry (login to view).

It is recommended to fast on the 9th and 10th or 10th and 11th or all 3 days (9th, 10th and 11th) of Muharram, InshaAllah.


Significance of Ashura (10 Muharram)
1. Narrated Ibn `Abbas (R): When the Prophet (ﷺ) arrived at Medina he found that the Jews observed fast on the day of 'Ashura'. They were asked the reason for the fast. They replied, "This is the day when Allah caused Moses and the children of Israel to have victory over Pharaoh, so we fast on this day as a sign of glorifying it." Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said, "We are closer to Moses than you." Then he ordered that fasting on this day should be observed. (Bukhari) http://sunnah.com/bukhari/63/168 
2. Abdullah b 'Abbas (R) reported that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) had said: "If I live till the next (year), I would definitely observe fast on the 9th [along with the 10th]", and the narration transmitted by Abu Bakr said: "He meant the day of Ashura." (Muslim) http://sunnah.com/muslim/13/173 
3. Abu Qatadah (R) narrated that: the Prophet (ﷺ) said: "Fast the Day of Ashura, for indeed I anticipate that Allah will forgive (the sins of) the year before it." (Tirmidhi) https://sunnah.com/tirmidhi/8/71
Note that Saudi Arabia may announce the Muharram hilal on their SPA www.spa.gov.sa website.